The BEST Floating Shelves

Submitted by Ana White on Sun, 10/20/2019 - 17:35
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I have been building floating shelves for ten years.  I've built floating shelves all different ways - this is my very BEST floating shelf tutorial.

It's easy to build, even for beginners, and uses only a drill and a brad nailer (no pocket holes).  You can build and finish it on your workbench - and installing the floating shelves is easy too!  Step by step plans with diagrams and materials lists.

white floating shelf diy tutorial

Floating shelves add an architectural element to your home, and also give you space to store and display favorite things. We love wood floating shelves, white floating shelves, kitchen floating shelves - whether your style is modern or farmhouse, floating shelves can work in your home!

In this tutorial, we make floating shelves as easy as possible to build. 

  • You won't need any special tools or a ton of building experience to whip these floating shelves out
  • You can build, paint or stain, right in your garage, then just hang on the wall
  • You can easily customize the length and depth to fit your needs
  • Beautiful in both a painted or stained finish

Floating Shelf Strength

To test the strength of my floating shelves, I placed 10 pound weights per every foot of shelf and left overnight.  

floating shelf strength

The floating shelf did not change and remained sturdy and strong.

Video Tutorial

For my most recent floating shelf build in our bathroom, I filmed the process and created a video tutorial.  There's lots of tips and tricks, so please watch before you build.

How to Make Floating Shelves

diy floating shelves dimensions
Floating shelves can be made to any length. We recommend between a 1x4 and 1x10 for the shelf tops, depending on the desired depth of the shelf.


Shopping List

  • 1x4, 1x6, 1x8 or 1x10 shelf top board in desired length of shelf, minus 1-1/2"
  • 1x4 long enough to go all the way around your 1x shelf top board
  • 2x3 or 2x4 - inside support pieces
  • 1/4" plywood, same size as your shelf top board
  • #8 2-1/2" to 3" long self tapping wood screws (like these from Home Depot)
  • 3/4" and 1-1/4" brad nails 
Tape Measure
Safety Glasses
Hearing Protection
Circular Saw
Brad Nailer
Power Sander


Step 1

Cut your shelf top board to the desired length of your shelf, MINUS 1-1/2".

Cut 1x4 end pieces to match the width of your shelf top board.

Use glue and 1-1/4" brad nails to attach the 1x4 end pieces to the shelf top board.  All outside edges are flush.

Step 2

Cut 1x4 front and back pieces to match the shelf length.

Attach front of shelf with 1-1/4" brad nails and wood glue.

For back of shelf, for extra strength, you can attach with 2-1/2" self tapping screws and glue, or use nails.

Step 3

Cut 2x boards to match the width of your shelf top board.

For 2x3s, set inside the shelf, making sure there is 1/4" gap on top for the 1/4" plywood.

Attach from back with glue and 2-1/2" screws and from front with glue and 1-1/4" brad nails.  

If using 2x4s OR 2x3s are too big to leave the 1/4" gap, turn the 2x board flat side up, and attach set down 1/4" from the top (as done in the video) with screws on the back side and 1-1/4" brad nails on the front side.

Place a support about every 12" and one on or near each end.

Avoid placing supports where studs in walls are located in the final hanging location.

Cut 1/4" plywood with a circular saw or tablesaw.  Make sure it easily fits inside the floating shelf.  Paint or stain the floating shelf and the 1/4" plywood panel and let dry.

Step 4

Locate studs in wall and hang the floating shelf through the back 1x4 board into studs in the walls using 2-1/2" or longer self tapping screws.

If you are attaching the 1/4" plywood to the bottom, hang the highest shelf first, complete the next step, than hang the next lower shelf.

If you are attaching the 1/4" plywood to the top, hange the lowest shelf first, complete the next step, than hang the next higher shelf.

Step 5

Place the 1/4" plywood panel inside the floating shelf and use the 3/4" nails to secure.

Touch up paint or stain as needed to finish the floating shelf.

Help Improve This Plan

We apologize if there was an error in this plan. Please help us out and report any errors here.


Jessica (not verified)

Fri, 06/04/2010 - 20:34

We're moving into our new house next month (yay!) and I'd like to make these shelves to hold our DVDs and TV components--DVD, DVR and VCR. Would there be an issue structurally if I increased the depth to 10"-12" for the components shelf? Maybe if I added some more frame studs? Thanks for the awesome plans!

Rebecca (not verified)

Sat, 06/05/2010 - 16:11

I was wondering the same thing. I saw that the Ikea ones are 10" Wide. Would that be a problem? I figure you were trying to get 3 out of 1 sheet of plywood and that is why they are smaller.

Ana White (not verified)

Tue, 06/08/2010 - 06:47

Jessica, Rebecca, I did choose the width to conserve materials, you are so smart! Yes, you can do a 10" width, but I would not go much wider. If you wanted to do a 12" width, I would advise you to build the frame from 1x3s instead of 1x2 to get a chunkier shelf that will have more support. Good luck with your shelves. Ana

MissK (not verified)

Tue, 08/24/2010 - 07:56

Ana I love these shelves! One more question about wider shelves. Fiance and I are trying to make the shelves pretty deep - 16 inches. But we don't want them to be too thick so we wanted to stick with 1x2's. Would it be possible to use 1/8" plywood or lauan instead for the shelf sleeve to make it lighter instead of using 1x3s? Plus we already bought all the 1x2s AND 1/2" birch plywood before we realized it would be WAY too heavy! So, we really would like to use the 1x2s but we also want shelves that can hold more than say, a feather, a flower, and a baby's sigh. Help and Thank You!

Angie (not verified)

Tue, 10/12/2010 - 05:50…

I made these. Great plans, thanks! I wasn't prepared for the amount of sanding I had to do to get these smooth, so I think next time I will build them with slightly nicer wood. :) The paint color is Benjamin Moore Salsa and I clear coated.

Your site rocks! I will post the ledges I built after I get them hung. Working on cubbies next! Thanks so much!!!!


amber (not verified)

Sun, 11/21/2010 - 06:22

omgoodness! thank you soooo much! strong and floating shelves have been something i have been truly boggled by and have tried looking into creating without a lot of success - not being an experienced carpenter. i saw the picture posted above with the frame exposed and it has made my day, lol! Awesome! thank you!

Adam (not verified)

Mon, 11/22/2010 - 17:27

I am working on putting these shelves together and just finished my first one of 4′. With the support and outer box, it all just seems pretty heavy to me. My 4' shelf will span 2 studs but I’m worried about the shelf holding itself up without sagging or falling off, and then of course even more worried about putting much of anything on it. Any suggestions or am I just being paranoid about this? How heavy were yours? Do you have an unofficial estimate of how much they can hold? I'll probably just end up putting it up and seeing if it falls down but I am a little nervous.

Katie (not verified)

Sun, 12/12/2010 - 17:48

Hi Ana! I love (LOVE!) your site and I come over here at night and look at all the things I'd like to do during tomorrows nap time. It's very cathartic. Got my mom hooked on Knock Off Wood too :)

My question is two-fold: (1) do you think this would support books, or would it be better used only for pretty vases and decorative stuff? ...and (2) Am I the only one who can't find 1x2x8 pine boards for less than five (!) dollars apiece at the local blue or orange? This is madness right? Or am I missing something? Perhaps it's where I live...

Thanks for any adice you can give and keep up the beautiful and inspiring work!!

PS...I built your picture ledge shelves for a bunch of rooms in our house and my husband now thinks I'm a rockstar :) Thank you!