Easiest way to build your own frame and panel cabinet doors - from Ana-White.com
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1/2" hardwood plywood
1x3 boards (measuring 2 1/2" in width) preferably hardwood - I use poplar for paint grade
1" and 1 1/4" pocket hole screws
PANEL - 1/2" hardwood plywood cut 5" less in height and width than desired finished door dimensions
RAILS - 1x3 hardwood boards (measuring 2 1/2" in width) cut 5" less in length than the desired finished door dimensions
STILES - 1x3 hardwood boards (measuring 2 1/2" in width) cut to desired finished door dimensions
Please read through the entire plan and all comments before beginning this project. It is also advisable to review the Getting Started Section. Take all necessary precautions to build safely and smartly. Work on a clean level surface, free of imperfections or debris. Always use straight boards. Check for square after each step. Always predrill holes before attaching with screws. Use glue with finish nails for a stronger hold. Wipe excess glue off bare wood for stained projects, as dried glue will not take stain. Be safe, have fun, and ask for help if you need it. Good luck!
It's super important to get this plywood panel cut square and straight. If you can, cut with a miter saw or other fixed saw, or a table saw. If you are cutting with a ciruclar saw, use a straight edge or rip cut to guide you.
Then drill 1/2" pocket holes around the four sides of the panel, about every 8" or so - use your best judgement here. You should do at least two pocket holes per side of the panel.
It is always recommended to apply a test coat on a hidden area or scrap piece to ensure color evenness and adhesion. Use primer or wood conditioner as needed.