Classic Chairs Made Simple

Submitted by Ana White on Sun, 01/23/2011 - 18:42
Difficulty
Beginner
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Simple chairs with an upholstered seat. Comfortable and oversized with base supports.

It's not that I didn't believe in you.  Because on a daily - sometimes hourly- basis, you blow me away with your capabilities.

But I've resisted putting simple chair plans up because cutting back legs can be such a challenge.  And while many of you have the skills, tools and abilities to make complicated cuts, I take great measures to simplify any design, and every effort to consider the most beginner skill sets, tiniest budgets, and the limited tools of the rest of us.

I will cut anything with a compound miter saw.  I even cut that cushion foam with one (not advisable).  But ask me to cut without it?  I'll admit, it's not my favorite task.  Because when you cut with a handheld saw, the results are not as precise and smooth as with a miter saw.  Especially with 1 1/2" thick stock.  But I'm so proud to tell you that these chair legs were cut by me, on the very first time, with a handheld saw.

And I couldn't be more pleased with the end result.

While those back legs may appear to curve, it's actually a straight cut with a circular saw, so no funny beveling and rough edges, telltale signs of a jigsaw blade.  I did have to complete the cuts with a jigsaw, and then sanded the back legs with coarse sandpaper, but it really wasn't a ton of work.  We are talking about an hour to build this chair.

And who can't use a classic chair?  The padded seat was actually an afterthought, but a super simple modification that I will walk you through in the plan below.

And this photo may help someone conceptualizing the chair better, so I thought I would post.  I used pocket hole screws (highly recommended so you don't end up splitting your legs and a stronger joint) and inset the aprons slightly on the legs to point the pocket hole screws directly into the meat of the legs.  Also I highly recommend adding corner braces or chair braces (metal) to the corners for added stability.  I attached the cushion with pocket holes predrilled in the top edges of the inside of the aprons, with a 1" screw.

Dimensions
Dimensions are shown above. This is a BIG chair . . . just a little warning. You can easily modify the size by simply cutting the aprons to a smaller size.

Preparation

Shopping List

1×6 @ 3 feet long
1 – 2×2 @ 8 feet long
1 – 1×4 @6 feet long
1 – 1×2 @ 8 feet long
1 – 2×4 @ stud or 8 feet length
1 – 1/2″ scrap plywood for seat top, 19″ x 19″
1 yard of fabric
1 piece of foam, 19″ x 19″ 1″ thick
3/8″ staples
1 1/4″ pocket hole screws

Cut List

2 – 2×4 @ 38 1/4″ (Chair back legs)
2 – 1×4 @ 17 1/2″ (Side Aprons)
2 – 2×2 @ 17 1/4″ (Front Legs)
2 – 1×4 @ 16″ (Front/Back Aprons)
4 – 2×2 @ 4″ (Supports – both ends cut at 45 degrees off square, NOT parallel to each other)
1 – 1×2 @ 16″ (Seat Back Top)
2 – 1×6 @ 16″ (Seat Back)
2 – 1×2 @ 19″ (Longest point, one end cut at 8 degrees off square)
1 – 1×2 @ 16 3/4″ (Center Support)
1/2″ plywood @ 19″ x 19″ (Seat top)

Tools
Tape Measure
Speed Square
Pencil
Safety Glasses
Hearing Protection
Kreg Jig
Drill
Circular Saw
Jigsaw
Power Sander
Level
Drill Bit Set

Instructions

Step 1

Back Legs

If you follow these steps carefully, you can cut back legs that are straight and symmetrically to each other. Mark the legs as shown in the diagram. The front – where the chair leg connects to the side aprons – needs to be cut in 1/4″ to account for rounded edges on 2x4s. The goal is to make as many cuts as possible with a circular saw, but you will need to finish inside cuts on the back with a jigsaw. Follow the diagram above carefully. I advise taking the scrap piece of 2×4 and cutting a leg first from it to get some practice. Once your legs are cut, lay them together, and check to make sure that the top, bottom and front sides all match. The other parts are not as significant. Sand your cuts smooth.

Step 2

Side Aprons

Attach the side aprons to the back legs, flush to the bottom of the front cuts on your chair back legs. Make sure the two leg pieces still match up – if not, your chair is going to be crooked!

Step 3

Front Legs

Attach the front legs to the side aprons as shown above. The tops are flush, and your chair part should match up at this point.

Step 4

Front/Back Aprons

Attach the front and back aprons, carefully predrilling. I used pocket hole screws and glue. Top is flush.

Step 5

Step 6

Seat Back Top

Attach the seat back top as shown above.

Step 7

Seat back

I used pocket holes from the back but you can also use predrilled screws from the legs. Attach as shown above.

Step 8

Base Support

The base supports will add considerable strength to your chairs. Attach as shown above.

Step 9

Base Center

Attach the base center to the sides as shown in the diagram above.

Step 10

Seat

Spray glue the seat cushion to the seat top plywood. Lay fabric facedown on table with seat top on top of fabric, foam side down. Staple fabric carefully to the underside of the chair, tucking corners neatly. Use 2″ screws to attach the seat to the cross supports or use pocket hole screws.

Step 11

This chair was painted with Valspar Antique White in Flat Enamel, three coats. A top coat (Valspar satin finish poly) was added. The fabric is from Joanns, and is part of the Home Decorator’s 45″ wide fabric, and was on sale for $5 a yard. For a foam pad, I used a discarded chair pad cut to size. Total cost of this chair was under $20.

Comments

Sara (not verified)

Mon, 01/24/2011 - 07:17

This is fantastic! I'm getting ready to build a breakfast nook into our new kitchen (bench window seats and all). I'd been planning to buy chairs for it, but I think I may try these instead! You rock :)

Michelle (not verified)

Mon, 01/24/2011 - 07:58

I get intimidated just THINKING about building a chair...but I'm getting very close to just going for it! I better finish up 2 other projects that I'm working on right now and then maybe I'll have the confidence to do it!! I love the simplistic style of this chair!!

jdub (not verified)

Mon, 01/24/2011 - 10:13

I think your chair looks great and I personally like the filler not matching the chair perfectly. It gives it a yesteryear kind of look when the plugs always stained as a different colour. Very nice

Rebecca R (not verified)

Mon, 01/24/2011 - 14:53

This is great! Now how would I modify it to make it bar height? I made the craft table, but need a chair that height to go with it and this would be perfect!!

Kayla (not verified)

Wed, 01/26/2011 - 04:18

Love this plan thank you! I have chairs like this in my dining room and in addition to fabric, I got a clear plastic vinyl (you can get it at Walmart) and put that over the fabric (attached with staples just like the fabric). With five kids, it makes the chairs so much easier to stay clean. It has been over five years and they are just starting to have wear issues.... which is perfect timing because after five years I need a fabric change! :)

Anneke (not verified)

Sat, 01/29/2011 - 23:02

I have been working on the same thing, just for counter height...not sure if just changing the angle works??? I like the tapered leg versus straight, but don't want too much of an angle. Hmmmm???

Tracy Smith (not verified)

Tue, 02/15/2011 - 16:02

Saw your chair and LOVE it!! Looks so good. Did you use the pocket-hole plugs on your chair, or wood filler? I was a bit confused and unsure as to which you used. We (my hubby and I) are in the process of building a console table (plans to come shortly to Ana-White.com) and are using the pocket-hole plugs that came with our Kreg Jig. I'm just wondering if ours will seem mis-matched too. Not that big of a deal, just curious before the stain goes on. Great job on your chair though, our next project is Ana's Classic Chair!

amywerttn

Wed, 09/07/2011 - 19:46

I have needed new dinning chairs for a while but haven't found any that are "my style" for a price I'm willing to shell out. ;) I can't wait to try this!

Mommyof4

Mon, 03/26/2012 - 18:57

I know this is a late post, I am new to the site and totally addicted. Just curious if there is an estimated weight limit? My immediate family is fairly small to average but some fairly frequent visitors are rather large. I would hate to make these chairs and have them possibly not withstand some of our heavier guests. They look fairly sturdy, just curious!

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